There is an old Chinese proverb that says, “prediction is always difficult, especially when it is about the future!” That humorous phrase reminds us that Biblical prophecy is unique in its accuracy at telling us what is going to take place.

The certainty of future Biblical prophecy rests on the accuracy of fulfilled Biblical prophecy. The prophecies in the book of Daniel provide some of the most detailed examples of fulfilled prophecy.

Daniel’s prophecies bring us to a new point of prophetic revelation. Daniel is the first prophet of God to be writing from Babylonian captivity. It would appear as if the prophecies that God gave concerning an eternal kingdom ruled by an heir of King David are now in jeopardy. The succors of David’s kingdom have been deposed by the Babylonians, and Jerusalem has been plundered. There is no king in Israel. The Temple has been destroyed and plundered, and Daniel is writing from a foreign land.

It is at this time that God reassures his people that he has not forgotten his promises. God uses Daniel to reveal the next stages of prophecy. The focus in Daniel is on the foreign nations. This should not surprise us because Daniel is now a captive of the world’s most powerful nation, Babylon.

Mark Hitchcock writes about his view of the significance of Daniel’s prophecies in comparison to other prophetic passages in the Bible. While all biblical prophetic passages make a unique contribution, there are three main sections fo the Bible that contain the essential keys to understanding the future. These three sections are 1, the book of Daniel, 2, the Oliver discourse (Matt 24, and 3, the book of Revelation.

Mark Hitchcock, The End, 61.

I would add the Abrahamic covenant to that list.

Today we begin 3 weeks of study on the 3 most important prophetic passages in Daniel. Chapter 2, 7 and 9.

Why Does Daniel Contain so much New Prophetic Information?

Background of Daniel. GOD’s PROGRAM in HISTORY

Let’s review a brief history of Israel, as it relates to God’s promises for an everlasting Kingdom ruled by a descendent of David. We know that the Davidic Covenant will be fulfilled by the Lord Jesus Christ, but at Daniel’s time, this was not yet clear to God’s people.

1000 BC Peak of Israel’s history (David, Solomon)

950 BC Divided Kingdom

722 BC Assyrian Captivity

605 BC. Babylonian Captivity, Daniel and others taken captive

586 BC Temple destroyed, Jerusalem laid waste

This period of Jewish captivity is know as the Times of the Gentiles. Jesus referred to this period in the Olivet Discourse. They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24, ESV)

God had promised David that his throne would be eternal, but there is no Davidic King in Israel. Therefore, this is the “times of the Gentiles.”

Daniel gives prophecy from a GENTILE NATION. Babylon was the leading world power. It was the center of learning. Daniel is in the King’s court as a “wise man” (Magi)

God announces what is next for Israel and the Nations of the World

Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream

In Daniel 2:1-11, Nebuchadnezzar has a dream that troubles him. He calls for all the wise men and demands that they interpret the dream. But he adds the small detail that they also tell him what his dream was and THEN interpret it for him. They cannot do this, so Nebuchadnezzar is FURIOUS and plans to kill all of the wise men.

The news comes that Daniel and the other Jewish scholars will be killed also.

DANIEL PRAYS. “Then Daniel went to his house and made the matter known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions, and told them to seek mercy from the God of heaven concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his companions might not be destroyed with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.” (Daniel 2:17–18, ESV)

God reveals the dream to Daniel in the night

Daniel provides the DREAM and the INTERPRETATION to Nebuchadnezzar.

DANIEL 2:26-45

God’s Plan for Gentile Kingdoms

The prophesy is about KINGDOMS

“King” is used 48 times in Daniel 2 (most often of Nebuchadnezzar)

“Kingdom” is used 9 times in Daniel 2.

The IMAGE is a Statue. There are 6 parts to this image.

1. Head of Gold .

2. Chest and arms of silver

3. Belly and thighs of bronze

4. Legs of iron

5. Feet of iron and partly baked clay

6. A rock that is cut out, smashes the statue and covers and filles the whole earth

The MEANING is that there would be 5 earthly kingdoms that would arise and one 1 supernatural kingdom that would arise and have dominion over all of the earth. That supernatural kingdom would be ruled by the Messiah.

The Head of GOLD represents – Babylon. “and into whose hand he has given, wherever they dwell, the children of man, the beasts of the field, and the birds of the heavens, making you rule over them all—you are the head of gold.” (Daniel 2:38, ESV)

The chest and arms of SILVER represent an unnamed empire. History reveals that this empire is Persia. “Another kingdom inferior to you shall arise after you, and yet a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth.” (Daniel 2:39, ESV)

The Belly and thighs of BRONZE represent GREECE.

The LEGS of IRON represent Rome. “And there shall be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron, because iron breaks to pieces and shatters all things. And like iron that crushes, it shall break and crush all these. (Daniel 2:40, ESV)

The Feet of IRON and CLAY represent a kingdom that would arise with some similarities to Rome. This would be a divided kingdom with little unity. “And as you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it shall be a divided kingdom, but some of the firmness of iron shall be in it, just as you saw iron mixed with the soft clay. And as the toes of the feet were partly iron and partly clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly brittle. As you saw the iron mixed with soft clay, so they will mix with one another in marriage, but they will not hold together, just as iron does not mix with clay.” (Daniel 2:41–43, ESV)

Finally, A STONE smashes the other kingdoms and endures forever. This represents the Kingdom of Messiah. “And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that shall never be destroyed, nor shall the kingdom be left to another people. It shall break in pieces all these kingdoms and bring them to an end, and it shall stand forever, just as you saw that a stone was cut from a mountain by no human hand, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold. A great God has made known to the king what shall be after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation sure.”” (Daniel 2:44–45, ESV)

Are the three unnamed kingdoms Persia, Greece and Rome?

YES!

This is exactly how world history unfolded

Liberal scholars have attacked the DATE of Daniel because they know that this is supernatural.

The “stone cut out from the mountain” (2:45) “Stone” always a reference to Jesus Christ

OT.

The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.” (Psalm 118:22, ESV, Isaiah 8:14)

‘The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone; this was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?” (Matthew 21:42, ESV) also Mark 12 10-11; Luke 20:17

Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone,(Ephesians 2:20–22, ESV, Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:4-8)

Because of the prophetic nature of Daniel 2, 7 and 9, liberal scholars date Daniel to 100 BC instead of 550 BC

To demonstrate that the Bible is reliable and truly provides predictive prophecy that has been accurately fulfilled, let’s look at just one of the objections that Liberal scholars use to argue that Daniel was written after the events took place. They claim that Daniel is not prophecy at all, but a fabrication made to look like prophecy.

One of the supporting reasons is that history has no mention of an individual named “Darius the Mede.” Darius is mentioned as the King who came to power after Nebuchadnezzar. “And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old.” (Daniel 5:31, ESV)

Liberal scholar H. H. Rowley rejects Daniel’s authenticity because there is no historical figure by that name.

BUT as is always the case, there is an answer that demonstrates that the Bible is right, and can be trusted.

Dr. John C. Whitcomb researched this and wrote “Darius the Mede” in 1959. I mention this because Dr. Whitcomb is now in his 90’s, but he preached he just a few years ago! We personally know this scholar who, back in 1959, successfully refuted one of the arguments against the early date for the book of Daniel.

Gleason Archer summarizes the significance of Whitcomb’s research. “Rowley’s arguments have been superceded however, by the able work of J. C. Whitcomb in his book “Darius the Mede” (1959). Whitcomb has gathered together all the ancient inscriptions referring to Ugbaru Gubaru, and Gaubaruva, to be found in the Nabonidus Chronicle, the Contenau Texts, the Pohl texts, the Tremayne Texts and the Behistun Inscription. By careful comparison and the process of elimination,…. Whitcomb goes on to say, “It is our conviction that Gubaru, the governor of Babylon and the region beyond the river, appears in the book of Daniel as Darius the Mede, the monarch who took charge of the Chaldean kingdom immediately following the death of Belshazzar and who appointed satraps and presidents (including Daniel) to assist him in the governing of this extensive territory” (Gleason Archer, “An Introduction to Old Testament Survey,” 385.)

This is just one small example of how the arguments of the skeptics have been proven false. Daniel was indeed written before the Kingdoms of Persia, Babylon and Rome came to power, and yet the prophecies in Daniel 2 and 7 accurately predict these Kingdoms. Therefore, we can trust the other predictions in Daniel and know that these prophecies will come true.

DANIEL is included in the DSS and LXX, 150 BC, indicating that they were written long before then.

Jesus quoted Daniel and believed it prophetic. ““So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),” (Matthew 24:15, ESV)

SUMMARY: The certainty of future Biblical prophecy rests on the accuracy of fulfilled Biblical prophecy.

6 Kingdoms. 4 Down. 2 to Go!

The next dominant world kingdom will be the REVIVED ROMAN EMPIRE. This is foretold in the image of the feet and toes of mixed iron and clay.

This is an empire that arises from the remnants of ROME. The most likely candidate for this empire is the current European Union.

Currently 28 nations

Original EU 6 nations

Currently 19 nations in Eurozone.

Greece may be eliminated because of outstanding debt.

The EURO is in danger. Will it be replaced with a single world currency?

 

There will be a TEN NATION CONFEDERACY in the Tribulation. This might be comprised of EU Nations and Other nations. Antichrist will have power

THINGS That will happen

One World Governance

One World economy

We see the foundation in place for these things to come about.

Christ’s Kingdom

Christ’s Kingdom will be established over the earth. “And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty.” (Revelation 19:14–15, ESV)

Are you part of Christ’s Kingdom? Will you be coming WITH HIM, or you be one of those to be crushed with those who have rebelled against him?